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Changes to the immigration enforcement system ordered by President Obama could, if strictly implemented, offer a degree of protection from deportation to 87 percent of the nation’s estimated 11 million unauthorized immigrants, up from about 73 percent under earlier guidelines, according to an MPI analysis released today.
Long-simmering tensions over federal-local cooperation in immigration enforcement were exposed in the days after the shooting death of a young woman in San Francisco by an unauthorized immigrant who had been deported five times from the United States. This commentary explores the rift over Secure Communities, with more than 360 jurisdictions limiting their cooperation, and the possibility of a reset in federal-local relations.
WASHINGTON — Using previously non-public refugee admissions data from the State Department, a new Migration Policy Institute (MPI) analysis finds that despite the fact that refugees to the United States come from increasingly diverse origins and linguistic backgrounds and that some arrive with low native-language literacy and education, most refugees successfully integrate into the U.S. labor market and society over time.
WASHINGTON – Turkey is currently host to the largest community of displaced Syrians in the region. Adding to the challenge, the rising refugee inflows have occurred even as Turkey was in the midst of overhauling its asylum and reception system to meet international, and particularly European Union, standards.
The country, which according to United Nations estimates had more than 1.7 million Syrian refugees as of March, has largely shouldered the burden on its own—spending $5 billion as of early 2015, with just 3 percent coming from international community contributions.
WASHINGTON – With one in four of the nation’s 23 million children under age 6 born to immigrant parents, the need to build a culturally and linguistically competent workforce in the early childhood education and care (ECEC) field is urgent.
Much attention has focused recently on the possibility of the European Union establishing processing centers in North Africa or elsewhere to manage asylum seekers and migrants traveling to Europe, despite the fact no policy proposal is formally on the table. This commentary examines the opportunities and drawbacks of extraterritorial processing, and suggests the need for a well-informed discussion.
First Report Examines Increasing Mismatch between Frameworks that Define the Existing Protection Regime and Contemporary Patterns of Displacement
BRUSSELS — The effective functioning of the European Union’s Common European Asylum System (CEAS) is under increased scrutiny, as the rising number of asylum seekers in Europe has thrown existing divergences in national asylum policies and practice into relief.
The Dublin system, once viewed as the cornerstone of the CEAS, has been vilified as a failure of solidarity and burden-sharing among EU Member States, which confront different realities and pressures in coping with rising humanitarian and irregular migration flows.
WASHINGTON – With aging populations and rising rates of chronic diseases, governments in North and Central America are giving new policy focus to ways to increase both the quantity of nurses and quality of nurse education. One promising, yet largely unexplored avenue for regional cooperation in this area is the harmonization of qualifications in nursing, according to a report released today by the Migration Policy Institute (MPI).
WASHINGTON — Immigration has contributed significantly to the growth and diversity of the Houston metropolitan area, which is the nation’s most diverse and rapidly expanding major U.S. metro area, according to a new Migration Policy Institute (MPI) report. The Latino and Asian shares of the area’s population have doubled over the past 20 years, and today no one racial or ethnic group forms a majority.
WASHINGTON — The Migration Policy Institute’s (MPI) online journal, the Migration Information Source, has published its annual compilation of some of the most frequently sought-after current and historical U.S. immigration statistics.
Whilst the European Union and member states have invested significant resources to provide integration services such as language instruction to migration candidates at the earliest stage in the migration process, these pre-departure measures generally have not fully realized their potential. This MPI Europe policy brief argues that the absence of cooperation between origin and destination countries in the design and implementation of such measures limits their effectiveness in tackling labor market integration obstacles.
WASHINGTON — Immigrant adults in the United States lag their native-born peers in literacy, numeracy and problem-solving skills, with resulting effects on their income, employment, education and health, according to Migration Policy Institute (MPI) analysis of an innovative international survey that tests skills needed for full participation in today’s increasingly knowledge-based world.
In a personal tribute published in the Migration Information Source, MPI's online journal, MPI President Emeritus Demetrios G. Papademetriou reflects on the life and career of Graeme Hugo, a world-renowned scholar and Director of the Australian Population and Migration Research Centre at the University of Adelaide, who died in January 2015.
MPI has released detailed profiles of unauthorized immigrants for the 94 top U.S. counties, including detailed information on population size, countries of origin, recency of arrival, educational enrollment and attainment, health insurance coverage, poverty levels and potential eligibility for the two deferred action programs launched by the Obama administration. The county profiles are the latest addition to a unique data tool that offers detailed information on the unauthorized population at U.S. and state levels.
WASHINGTON – Given the wide differences in college costs and state policies regarding tuition and financial aid for unauthorized students, higher education opportunities for recipients of the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program are driven largely by their state of residence, a new Migration Policy Institute (MPI) report based on fieldwork in seven states finds.
Driven by rising migrant deaths in the Mediterranean, the Bay of Bengal, the Red Sea, and elsewhere, as well as by the challenges to border-control policies implicit in maritime migration, representatives of states, civil society, and international organizations gathered in December 2014 under the auspices of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees to discuss ways to limit the loss of life and foster international cooperation. This commentary explores the issues and challenges surrounding irregular maritime migration.
As many as 3.7 million unauthorized immigrants who are parents of U.S. citizens or legal permanent residents could apply for temporary relief from deportation under the new deferred action program that is expected to be unveiled this week, MPI estimates. Apparently imminent changes to the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program could expand the immediately eligible DACA population by 290,000, bringing it to close to 1.5 million. In total, MPI estimates the anticipated new deferred action program and expanded DACA initiative could benefit as many as 5.2 million people — nearly half of the 11.4 million unauthorized immigrants living in the United States.
WASHINGTON — The Migration Policy Institute (MPI) today launched a major new data tool offering national and state-level estimates of the 11.4 million unauthorized immigrants in the United States, including population size, countries and regions of origin, recency of arrival, educational enrollment and attainment, English proficiency, industries of employment and health insurance coverage.