Table 1: Changing Proportion of Citizens to Foreign Nonresidents in Singapore, 1947-2010
Census Year 19471 1957   1970 1980 1990 2000 2010
  No. Percent No. Percent   No. Percent No. Percent No. Percent No. Percent No. Percent
Total 940,824 100 1,445,929 100 Total 2,074,507 100 2,413,945 100 3,016,379 100 4,027,887 100 5,076,732 100
Total born in Singapore and Malaysia 571,331 60.7 1,055,184 73 Total resident population 2,013,563 97 2,282,125 94.5 2,705,115 89.7 3,273,363 81.3 3,771,721 74.3
  - - - - Citizens 1,874,778 90.4 2,194,280 90.9 2,595,243 86 2,985,886 74.1 3,230,719 63.6
Others (excluding nonlocally domiciled services personnel 369,493 39.3 14,725 27 Permanent Residents 138,785 6.7 87,845 3.6 109,872 3.6 287,477 7.1 541,002 10.7
        Total nonresident population2 60,944 2.9 131,820 5.5 311,264 10.3 754,524 18.7 1,305,011 25.7
Source: Compiled from Del Tufo, 1949; Arumainathan, 1970; Singapore Department of Statistics, various issues.
Notes:
1Singapore attained independence in 1965, the year when the term "citizenship" was first used, drawing a clear boundary between Singaporeans and foreigners. Prior to independence, the census classified the resident population according to place of birth. The numbers of people born in Singapore and Malaysia will be used as a proxy for citizens here. "Others" denotes those numbers born outside of Singapore and Malaysia. "Nonlocally domiciled services personnel" refers to the officers and foreigners working for the British administrative service, as well as other temporary workers and their families. 2The "Total nonresident population" refers to individuals who hold passes for short-term stay in Singapore; these include the employment pass, work permit, dependent's pass, and long-term social visit pass. This category excludes tourists and "transients."


_______________________________________________
Copyright © Migration Policy Institute.
All rights reserved.
1400 16th St. NW, Suite 300 · Washington, DC 20036
ph: (001) 202-266-1940 · fax: (001) 202-266-1900
source@migrationinformation.org